FAQ / Acronyms

On this page we explain shortcuts and acronyms.

2G Mobile Network

2G (second generation) mobile network refers to the second generation of cellular technology, offering digital voice communication and basic data services like SMS and low-speed data transfer.

3G Mobile Network

3G (third generation) mobile network offers faster data transfer rates compared to 2G, enabling mobile internet access, video calls, and mobile TV.

4G Mobile Network

4G (fourth generation) mobile network provides high-speed internet access, improved latency, and better connectivity for mobile devices, supporting HD video streaming and advanced gaming.

5G Mobile Network

5G (fifth generation) mobile network offers significantly faster speeds, lower latency, and higher capacity, supporting advanced applications like IoT, autonomous vehicles, and augmented reality.

API (Application Programming Interface)

API is a set of rules and protocols for building and interacting with software applications, allowing different systems to communicate and share data.

APN (Access Point Name)

APN is a setting on mobile devices that identifies the network path for all cellular data connectivity, ensuring the device connects to the correct network services.

ATP (Advanced Threat Protection)

ATP is a set of security solutions designed to detect, prevent, and respond to sophisticated cyber threats, including malware and cyber-attacks.


Bandwidth is the maximum rate at which data can be transmitted over a network, typically measured in bits per second (bps).

Content Filter

A content filter is a tool used to block or restrict access to inappropriate or harmful content on the internet.

CSFB (Circuit Switched Fallback)

CSFB is a technology used in mobile networks to provide voice services over 3G or 2G networks when a 4G device makes or receives a call.

Data Throughput

Data throughput is the actual rate at which data is successfully transmitted over a network, often influenced by network conditions and efficiency.

DLP (Data Loss Prevention)

DLP is a strategy and set of tools used to prevent sensitive data from being lost, stolen, or accessed by unauthorized users.

Endpoint Security

Endpoint security involves securing end-user devices, such as computers and mobile devices, from cyber threats, ensuring they do not become entry points for attacks.

eSIM (Embedded SIM)

eSIM is a digital SIM embedded in devices, allowing users to activate a mobile plan without a physical SIM card and switch carriers more easily.

eUICC (Embedded Universal Integrated Circuit Card)

eUICC is the software component of an eSIM, enabling remote provisioning and management of multiple carrier profiles on a single eSIM.


A gateway is a network device that connects different networks, allowing data to flow between them, often providing security functions like firewalls.

GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications)

GSM is a standard for mobile networks, providing voice and data services through digital cellular technology.


High-availability refers to systems or components that are continuously operational for long periods, minimizing downtime and ensuring reliability.

Hybrid Network

A hybrid network combines different types of networks, such as private and public networks, to provide more flexibility and efficiency.

IDS (Intrusion Detection System)

IDS is a security tool that monitors network traffic for suspicious activities and alerts administrators when potential threats are detected.

IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things)

IIoT refers to interconnected sensors, instruments, and devices networked together with industrial applications, enabling data collection, exchange, and analysis for improving operational efficiency.

IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity)

IMSI is a unique identifier assigned to each mobile subscriber in a mobile network, used for identifying and authenticating users.

Industrial Switch

An industrial switch is a rugged network switch designed to operate in harsh environments, providing reliable connectivity for industrial applications.

IoT (Internet of Things)

IoT refers to the network of physical objects embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies to connect and exchange data with other devices and systems over the internet.

IPS (Intrusion Prevention System)

IPS is a network security tool that monitors network traffic for malicious activities and takes action to prevent and block such activities.

IPSec (Internet Protocol Security)

IPSec is a suite of protocols used to secure internet communications by authenticating and encrypting each IP packet in a communication session.

LAN (Local Area Network)

LAN is a network that connects computers and other devices within a limited area, such as a home, school, or office building, allowing them to communicate and share resources.


Latency is the time it takes for data to travel from one point to another in a network, often measured in milliseconds.

LPWA Network (Low Power Wide Area Network)

LPWA networks are designed for long-range communication at low data rates, optimized for battery-powered devices used in IoT applications.

LTE (Long Term Evolution)

LTE is a standard for wireless broadband communication, offering high-speed data transfer and improved network capacity and efficiency.

LTE-M (LTE-Machine)

LTE-M is a type of LPWA network standard for IoT devices, providing extended coverage and battery life while supporting mobility and voice services.

M2M (Machine to Machine)

M2M refers to direct communication between devices using wired or wireless communication channels, often used in industrial and enterprise applications.

NAC (Network Access Control)

NAC is a security approach that enforces policies to control devices and users’ access to a network, ensuring only authorized devices can connect.

NB-IoT (Narrowband Internet of Things)

NB-IoT is a low-power, wide-area network technology designed to connect a large number of IoT devices, offering extended coverage and long battery life.

Network Slicing

Network slicing is a method of creating multiple virtual networks on a shared physical infrastructure, each tailored to specific applications or services.

NGN Firewall (Next-Generation Network Firewall)

NGN Firewall is a security device that provides advanced features like deep packet inspection, intrusion prevention, and application awareness to protect networks from threats.

OT (Operational Technology)

OT refers to hardware and software used to detect or cause changes through direct monitoring and control of physical devices, processes, and events in industrial settings.

OTA (Over-the-Air)

OTA refers to the wireless delivery of software updates or configuration settings to mobile devices, eliminating the need for physical connections.

QoS (Quality of Service)

QoS refers to the performance level of a service, such as the consistency and reliability of a network connection, often measured in terms of latency, error rates, and uptime.


Redundancy involves adding extra components or systems to provide backup in case of failure, ensuring continuous operation.


A router is a network device that forwards data packets between computer networks, directing traffic efficiently.

SASE (Secure Access Service Edge)

SASE is a network architecture that combines wide area networking and network security services into a single, cloud-delivered solution.

SD-WAN (Software-Defined Wide Area Network)

SD-WAN is a technology that uses software to manage and control the wide area network, improving performance and flexibility while reducing costs.

SIM (Subscriber Identity Module)

SIM is a small card inserted into mobile devices that stores user identity and network information, allowing the device to connect to the mobile network.


Starlink is a satellite internet constellation project by SpaceX, providing high-speed internet access to remote and underserved areas across the globe.


A switch is a network device that connects devices within a local area network (LAN), allowing them to communicate with each other.

Virtual Patching

Virtual patching is a security measure that protects systems from known vulnerabilities by intercepting and modifying network traffic, without requiring an immediate system patch.

VoLTE (Voice over LTE)

VoLTE is a technology that allows voice calls to be made over an LTE network, offering improved call quality and faster call setup times.

VPN (Virtual Private Network)

VPN is a technology that creates a secure, encrypted connection over a less secure network, such as the internet, to protect data and maintain privacy.

WAN (Wide Area Network)

WAN is a telecommunications network that extends over a large geographical area, connecting multiple local area networks (LANs).


WiFi is a wireless networking technology that allows devices to connect to the internet or communicate with one another wirelessly within a specific area.

WLAN (Wireless Local Area Network)

WLAN is a type of local area network that uses wireless communication technology to connect devices within a limited area, such as a home or office.

WSN (Wireless Sensor Network)

WSN is a network of spatially distributed sensors that monitor physical or environmental conditions and communicate the data wirelessly.



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